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scientific  knowledge,  policies,  or  practices. 

!  Held  (m-c 

A.  H.  Griesa  Experimental  Grounds 


The  Douglas  Pear 

The  introduction  of  this  new  fruit  will  be  on  its  merits,  as  the  need' 
of  a  good  fruit  at  this  season  of  the  year  for  table  use  is  very  decided. 
The  luscious  peach  is  gone,  grapes  can  be  had  only  from  distant  markets; 
and  a  pear  that  can  be  grown  so  very  bountifully  in  any  place  where 
any  other  pear  will  survive  (and  most  of  them  fail  in  the  west),  will  be 
welcomed  by  all.  It  is  a  seedling  of  the  "Keiffer"  crossed  by  the 
"  Duchess  d'Angeleme."  It  ripens  just  before  the  "Keiffer,"  is  nearly 
as  large,  of  a  beautiful  yellow  color,  and  fine  in  outline  and  shape. 
The  flesh  is  fine  grained,  juicy,  rich,  with  a  delicious  flavor;  it  does  not 
seem  to  rot  as  it  ripens  and  drop  as  the  "Keiffer"  does  and  hasn't  the 
hard  gritty  core,  being  good  all  through.  It  is  named  the  "Douglas" 
because  it  originated  in  this  county.  The  original  tree  first  bore  fruit 
in  roo2,  when  it  was  shown  at  our  County  Horticultural  Sociey,  and 
received  favorable  notice.  I  have  seen  fruit  on  the  tree  every  year 
since,  except  when  the  frost  killed  all  fruit  here.  The  old  tree  grew  in 
the  same  row  with  others  till  a  few  years  ago,  in  a  thick  seedling  row, 
some  of  them  crowding  it;  then  I  advised  to  cut  out  some  near  by,  but 
this  was  delayed  till,  in  midsummer  after  a  rain,  the  owner  cut  out  some, 
leaving  the  tree  with  its  crop  standing  and  exposed  to  the  glaring  sun. 
Its  leaves  turned  yellow  and  stopped  growth  till  fall  with  the  fruit  de- 
cidedly smaller;  but  the  next  year,  it  again  grew  and  produced  its  crop 
as  usual.  Most  pear  trees  would  have  blighted  or  died  under  such 
treatment.  I  never  saw  blight  on  the  old  tree  nor  any  in  nursery. 
The  old  tree  is  14  or  15  years  old  now  and  has  fruited  every  year  since 
T902.  The  trees  are  good  nursery  trees,  in  growth  about  like  the 
"Flemish  Beauty."  They  bud  freely  as  does  the  "Keiffer/'  but  never 
have  been  affected  with  twig  blight  like  the  latter.  The  "Douglas"  is 
an  early  and  constant  bearer.  One  year  trees  bloomed  in  nursery  row, 
but  that  was  the  year  of  frost;  the  next  year  over  half  of  the  limbs  had 
on  blossom  buds,  but  were  cut  off  to  transplant  the  trees;  the  next  year 
some  of  them  fruited  in  the  orchard,  and  they  still  continue  to  bear. 
No  other  pear  tree  or  apple  tree  is  so  fruitful.    The  fruit  is  nearly  as 

large  as  the  "Keiffers,  ripening  just  before  it,  at  a  time  when  peaches 
are  out  of  season,  and  when  a  juicy  fruit  is  needed.  The  color  is 
golden  yellow  with  rarely  a  pink  shading,  covered  with  small  grav  dots. 
The  fruit  has  a  long  stem,  is  mostly  in  clusters;  the  flesh  is  juicy, 
buttery,  and  fine-grained,  with  refreshing  sprightly  flavor.  I  believe  it 
is  the  most  promising  fruit  I  ever  grew;  and  it  has  a  future  that  no 
other  fruit  can  or  has  filled. 

A  Few  Opinions  of  people  who  ought  to  know,  shows  how  they 
regard  it.  Two  years  ago  I  sent  samples  by  mail  before  they  were  ripe, 
and  advised  to  try  them  when  fully  ripe.  From  the  quick  responses, 
they  could  not  have  waited.  Their  opinions  were  to  the  effect  that  it 
was  better  than  the  "Keiffers,"  though  not  quite  as  good  as  the  "An- 
geleme,"  which  is  further  evidence  of  their  having  sampled  them  be- 
fore they  were  ripe.  This  year  I  was  delayed  by  sickness;  when  able, 
I  took  some  to  our  grocers  and  our  fruit  men,  whose  commendations 
were  all  one  could  ask,  as  the  following  will  show: 

J.  L.  Messenger:  "They  are  certainly  a  good  eating  pear,  better 
than  Bartlett,  as  refreshing  as  Coca  Cola.  They  are  worthy  of  cultiva- 

W.  A.  Dunmire:  "  It  is  fine,  better  than  Bartlett  or  Clairgo;  a  very 
good  pear  for  the  retail  trade." 

F.  W.  Hosford:  "  Better  than  any  Bartlett  or  Keiffer,  exceeding 
juicy  and  good." 

Wm.  La  Coss:  "That  is  a  very  fine  pear,  better  than  Bartlett  or 
even  Seckel.  Fine  shape,  best  quality,  full  of  juice;  comes  at  a  time 
when  they  would  sell." 

John  Hunzicker:  "Certainly  juicy,  a  good  pear,  better  than 
Bartlett,  our  best  generally;  no  grit  or  hard  lumps,  good  enough  for 
any  one." 

H.  Hollingberry:  "I  always  thought  the  Seckel  the  best  pear 
we  had,  but  this  is  even  better;  more  juicy,  fine  grained,  and  refresh- 

W.  A.  Guenther:  "Good,  is  better  than  the  Bartlett,  very  fine 
grained  and  juicy;  all  the  clerks  are  agreed  in  its  excellence  " 

Wm.  J.  Busch:  "That  is  fine,  very  juicy  and  sprightly;  never  ate 
any  better  pear." 

Sam  McCurdy:  "As  fine  as  any  Bartlett,  more  juicy,  and  refresh- 
ing flavor;  also  sure  to  sell." 

John  McCurdy:  "It  is  certainly  a  fine  pear,  better  than  Bartlett 
or  Seckel  and  no  gritty  parts.  Its  size  and  color  make  it  desirable  in 
the  market." 

J.  A.  Spaulding:  "Far  better  than  Keiffer,  more  juicy  than  Bart- 
lett; a  good  color  and  size  for  retailing." 

S.  J.  Hunter,  Professor  of  Entomology,  K.  S.  U.:  "I  have  exam- 
ined the  pear  A.  H.  Griesa  has  named  the  Douglas,  after  the  county 
in  which  it  originated.  This  pear  in  shape,  size  and  color  resembles 
the  Keiffer;  it  differs  markedly  however,  in  texture  and  flavor.  In  text- 
ure it  is  almost  as  fine  as  the  Bartlett,  and  is  remarkable  for  its  entire 
absence  of  the  heavy  wood  core,  so  common  in  the  Keiffer.  In  flavor 
it  mav  be  compared  to  the  refreshing  juicy  taste  of  the  Duchess.  It  is 
noteworthy  that  such  a  pear  should  be  produced  at  such  a  late  season, 
after  all  varieties  of  desirable  pears  have  gone." 

B.  F.  Smith,  President,  Douglas  County  Hort.  Society:  "A  new 
fruit  of  merit.  The  fruit  man,  who  desires  to  keep  in  the  front  rank 
of  the  great  army  of  fruit  growers,  is  ever  on  the  alert  for  new  and  bet- 
ter varieties  than  we  have.  Fruit  perfection  is  not  at  hand  as  yet;  but 
improvement  is  being  made  along  the  line  of  orchard  and  berry  fruits. 
The  industry  is  growing  more  interesting  as  the  years  go  by,  owing  to 
the  profit  and  pleasure  there  is  in  the  business.  We  are  greatly  in  need 
of  a  new  sort  of  pear  that  is  not  subject,  to  blight.  Pear  culture  has 
fallen  behind  on  account  of  this  blighting  of  nearly  all  the  old  favorites; 
as  the  Bartlett,  Anjou,  and  others.  Recently  a  new  seedling  has  been 
produced  from  Keiffer  seed.  It  is  about  as  large,  ripens  about  the 
same  time;  in  flavor,  to  my  taste,  as  good  as  the  well  know  Bartlett. 
The  tree  is  a  strong  grower  and  begins  to  bear  when  three  years  old. 
This  pear  will  be  introduced  by  A.  H.  Griesa,  the  originator  of  the 
Kansas  and  Cardinal  Raspberries,  the  Mele  Strawberry,  and  other 
fruits.  Mr.  Griesa  has  had  many  years  of  experience  in  testing  new 
fruits,  and  has  never  offered  any  new  fruit  that  was  unworthy  or  un- 
profitable. It  is  the  opinion  of  the  writer,  who  has  forty  year's  experi- 
ence with  growing  pears,  that  this  seedling  will  become  famous  as  well 
as  profitable  throughout  the  country." 

I.J.  Gray,  Secretary,  Douglas  County  Hort.  Society:  "The  new 
pear  which  you  have  developed  by  uniting  a  seedling  Keiffer  and 
Duchess  and  naming  it  the  Douglas,  is  indeed  a  production  of  the 
highest  merit.  Its  smooth  exterior  renders  it  attractive  to  the  eye,  and 
the  rind  is  much  thinner  than  any  variety  with  which  I  am  acquainted. 
Its  flavor  cannot  fail  to  be  pleasing  and  its  juice  is  superabundant.  The 
length  of  its  stem  is  favorable,  and  the  core  is  the  smallest  I  have  ob- 
served of  any  of  its  size.  However,  its  chief  excellence  is  in  the  fact 
that  it  will  come  into  bearing  the  next  year  after  planting.  That  is 
bound  to  make  it  a  winner.    You  are  to  be  congratulated." 

A.  Willis.  Ottawa:  "The  pear  you  sent  me  was  examined  with 
great  interest.  It  seems  to  be  a  new  fruit  of  great  value.  I  am  not 
sure  the  length  of  time  it  has  been  in  cultivation  would  give  it  full  as- 
surance of  the  continued  excellence  that  is  at  present  promised;  but 
surely  the  promise  is  good.  The  fruit  is  good  sized,  has  a  rich  yellow 
color  and  excellent  flavor;  a  pear  one  would  be  glad  to  have  as  some- 
thing nice  to  give  to  his  friends.  I  shall  be  glad  to  watch  this  pear 
with  interest,  and  expect  to  find  much  pleasure  in  its  future  as  time 
goes  on." 

W.  P.  Stark,  Mo.:  "In  the  Douglas  we  have  another  "  Kansas," 
another  "Cardinal,"  and  another  "Early  Melon."  We  suggest  you 
name  the  "Douglas,"  "A.  H.  Griesa,"  because  we  believe  the  pear  has 
merit.  In  thus  giving  such  promising  variety  to  posterity,  you  are  also 
leaving  a  monument  of  a  kind  that  will  do  people  good,  great  good  we 

J,  H.  Skinner,  Topeka  :  "We  were  very  much  pleased  with  the 
sample  of  the  Douglas  pear,  the  quality  is  very  good.  We  liked  it  par- 
ticularly because  it  is  more  acid  and  sprightly  than  most  pears.  It  is 
fine  grained  and  with  little  core.  If  the  tree  is  thrifty  and  also  a  good 
bearer,  you  have  something  worth  introducing." 

W.  S.  Griesa:  "  The  Douglas  seems  to  be  a  worthy  new  pear;  one 
that  will  make  a  place  for  itself.  Ripening  with  the  Keiffer  and  with 
quality  as  good  or  better  than  Bartlett,  are  the  two  facts  which  should 
commend  it.  Further  it  seems  to  be  more  blight  proof  than  the  former 
which  alone  makes  it  more  valuable.  We  wish  you  success  in  its  in- 

H.  W.  Collingwood,  Editor:  "  The  pear  is  certainly  a  beautiful 
one  in  appearance  and  think  the  flavor  first  rate.  I  hope  it  will  prove 
a  worthy  son  of  its  parent,  the  Keiffer,  as  I  have  always  felt  he  needs 
some  good  children  of  high  character  to  take  the  curse  away  from  the 

H.  W.  Collingwood,  Editor  Rural  New  Yorker:  The  Rural  New 
Yorker,  Jan.  21,  191 1  (Fig.  24),  shows  an  excellent  picture  of  this  pear, 
near  natural  size.  "The  quality  was  exceedingly  good;  flesh  tender, 
juicy,  and  melting;  flavor  is  rich  and  sweet.  It  is  a  handsome  pear; 
and  its  general  excellence  seems  to  promise  a  great  future,  both  for  the 
home  and  for  market  use." 


Sandard  Trees,  2  years,  4  feet  and  up,  branched,  each  $3.00. 
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